DuraCooler Design Features Help Increase Heat Transfer
By More Than 17%.
Duramax DuraCooler Patented Streamlined Header Design
Our streamlined header greatly enhance interior coolant and exterior seawater flow patterns while reducing system pressure drop within the keel cooler unit. We compared the heat transfer of the traditional square header design to the increased efficiency of the Duracooler streamlined header.
Latest engineered enhancement to DuraCooler design.
Engineered Flow Diverter “Scoops” feature added to every tube assembly
A series of engineered flow diverter “scoops’ are added along the width of the bottom edge of tube assembly creating a diversion of the seawater that “flushes” the stagnated areas between the tubes forcing convection between hot tubes and the lower temperature seawater. The diverter is a unique design which must have a specified spacing between the diverter and tubes.
Graphic of diverter
The diverter was developed using state of the art Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) modeling techniques then tested and validated utilizing a full scale water tunnel. The diverters are engineered to ensure a “scooping” action far enough away from any stagnant regions to allow forced convection between the hot tubes and the lower temperature seawater.
Streamlined header improves coolant flow distribution by 35%
and heat rejection by 45% in outer tubes.
Coolant flow distribution to the outside tubes increased 35%
Heat rejection in the outer tubes increased 45%
Note: Study above conducted on a SC-48-96 and equivalent size square-head
Studies conducted by: Flow Simulations Inc. e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Overall heat transfer in the DuraCooler SC-48-96 increased by 17%
over the square-headed,
traditional design keel cooler unit tested
of equal size in initial testing.
DuraCooler is custom-engineered to fit your exact needs.
Through-Hull Nozzle Design
Nozzle size and diameter manufactured for specific
application. Two piece header design allows for braising on inside and outside
of the header which, in turn, increases the integrity and reduces the chance
of leakage. Sea chest or cofferdam is required by
This is for non-through-hull applications. Hardware
is located outside the hull for easy access. It is recommended when
space inside the hull is tight or equipment makes through-hull inaccessible.
No cofferdam or sea chest is needed.
DuraCooler design reduces installation and maintenance costs.
Smaller footprint reduces costs DuraCooler Streamlined design with increased coolant flow to the outside
tubes, can reduce the footprint of some units by as much as 42%. DuraCooler
units can be easily retrofitted to cool auxiliary engines and other
heat sources at a lower cost.
One piece, high-strength 90/10 cupronickel construction DuraCooler one piece construction is compact, making it easy to install.
It’s built for long life and low maintenance, with high-strength 90/10
cupronickel tubing that has excellent anti-fouling and heat transfer
properties. It also resists water-flow erosion.
Custom Engineered to fit your
exact needs Your DuraCooler is custom-sized and manufactured to meet your engine
specifications, installation space, internal plumbing configurations
and operational requirements.
In 1997, Duramax Marine initiated a research
and development program to identify opportunities to improve the operational
efficiency of the square-headed outboard keel cooler. Finite element computer studies were conducted to determine internal
and external flow patterns, pressure drop and heat transfer characteristics
for different heat exchanger geometries. The traditional square header design system
was tested for inefficiencies.
Computer modeling showed poor coolant flow through tubes 1 & 8. It indicated
the outside tubes were being used least efficiently even though these tubes had
the greatest potential heat rejection per linear foot. Inefficiencies were attributed
to the geometric square head design.
Duramax Marine® began to develop a more efficient
streamlined header design.
It needed to enhance interior and exterior flow patterns and, at the same time,
reduce the overall pressure drop within the keel cooler unit. Resulting in a
more efficient unit with a smaller footprint.
The DuraCooler streamline header design was tested.
The tests conducted on the streamlined header design showed an increase of coolant
flow of 35% in the outside tubes, along with an increase of heat transfer in
the outside tubes by 45%.
Cooler Installation Guide
Nozzles on opposite ends of the cooler to accommodate internal
plumbing. Nozzles are available in various lengths and diameters.
For internal plumbing that requires nozzles on the same end of the cooler. Allows
the internally to be more centrally located.
Flexible Installation Locations
To accommodate hull design, operating conditions and protection from damage.
Fairing Block Protection Bending To Fit Curvature
Marine® is committed to continuous improvement.
In 1998, Duramax Marine® built
an 800,000-gallon testing facility to better emulate marine conditions in a
controlled environment. The testing facility can test keel coolers 20 feet
long and weighing as much as two tons. Temperature drop, pressure drop and
flow rates can be monitored and recorded. Duramax keel cooler experts operate
this facility. It shows their commitment to the marine industry to help vessels
meet the ever changing cooling requirements of engine ecological advancements
needed for a clean new world.
Duramax® is a registered trademark of Duramax Marine® LLC.
DuraCooler® is a registered trademark of Duramax Marine® LLC.